Cleveland City History

July 22, 1796: The general Moses Cleveland and his surveyors stuck to the coast in the mouth of the river Cuyahoga.

December 23, 1814: Cleaveland is officially registered and becomes the homeland for the first citizen, Lorenzo Carter.

1831: The printing Cleveland Advertiser edition changed writing of the name “Cleaveland” to Cleveland in order that the name was located in a newspaper cap.

1834: The construction Ohio-Erie channel therefore Cleveland became a key link between the river Ohio and the Great Lakes is complete.

1836: For 2 terms the first mayor of Cleveland, John_W._Willey is elected.

1861-1865: Because of the civil war in the USA Cleveland endures an economic boom, and also becomes one of 5 best oil processing centers in the USA.

1862: In Cleveland, the first tobacco factory – T. Maxfield & Co opened.

1863-1865: In Cleveland 22 percent of all ship vessels of the USA which are used on the Great Lakes are constructed. By 1865 this number will increase up to 44 percent.

1870: The population of Cleveland increased more than twice – to 92 829 people – in comparison with 43 417 people in 1860.

1895: Robert E. Makkisson initiating construction of new system of city water supply and the sewerage becomes the mayor.

1897: Elisa Bryant founds “The Cleveland nursing home for the Black people” (Cleveland Home of Aged Colored People). Later this organization will call “Elisa Bryant’s Settlement”, it is the oldest not religious institution for people with black skin color in the State of Ohio.

1911: Newton D. Baker who by 1912 helps to write the amendment to the Constitution from Ohio according to which municipalities acquired the right for self-government is elected the mayor.

1920: Cleveland becomes the city, the fifth in size, in the USA.

1924: Construction of the Cleveland airport is begun.

1927: Construction of a big skyscraper of Terminal Tower is begun. Subsequently the skyscraper of Terminal Tower will become famous as the highest building in the world outside New York till 1967.

1932: Cleveland becomes the national headquarters of the organization for fight against gangsterism and “Prohibition” under the name Crusaders.

1950: The number of the population of Cleveland reached the level unprecedented earlier – 914 808 people.

1954: Anthony J. Celebrezze is elected the mayor. To Celebrezze who became the mayor holding the official position the record period of time – 5 terms in a row.

1967: Carl B. Stokes becomes the first Afro-American who was elected the mayor of the large city of the USA.

1977: Denis J. Kucinich was elected the mayor at the age of 31 years and became the youngest mayor of the big city in the USA.

1994: The sport and recreation complex of Gateway opened thanks to what the new house was found by the professional Cleveland Indians and Cleveland Cavaliers baseball teams.

December 17, 1995: The Cleveland Browns team plays the last game at the Cleveland municipal stadium after the owner of the team Arth Modell declared a team re-deployment to Baltimore.

November 4, 1996: the 65-year Cleveland municipal stadium is taken down to make room under construction of new stadium Cleveland Browns.

September 12, 1999: The Cleveland Browns team in new structure plays the first match at absolutely new stadium Cleveland Browns.

2002: Jane L. Campbell is the first woman elected the mayor of the big city.

January 1, 2006: Frank G. Jackson, the candidate from deputies of city council, becomes the 57th mayor of Cleveland which remains on the post to this day.

July 8, 2010: Lebron James declares leaving team of Cleveland Cavalier on national television that he will not sign the next contract with team in which he started the sports career.

January, 2011: Construction of the Cleveland medical shopping center and conference center begins; opening is planned for 2013.

May, 2012: In the historical building of Higbee the casino Horseshoe is opened.

2014: King James declares that he is coming home to bring the NBA Champions title with The Cavaliers.